A Health & Safety (H&S) policy is a written promise of the Business Owners and the Senior Management to provide a healthy and safe workplace. The starting point, the foundation of Health and Safety in the workplace.

Many Occupational Health & Safety Regulations require that policy is developed, all workers are aware of and be trained on the policy (document, document, document). The policy is posted in the workplace, reviewed at least annually and a program is developed and maintained to implement the policy. This statement provides the regulatory requirement for a Health and Safety Management System (HSMS) in the workplace. Check your local regulatory requirements. We will review the Health and Safety Management System (HSMS) requirements in further detail later in this article.

Policy Examples

A quick Google search can provide thousands of examples of Workplace Health & Safety policies to obtain some suggestions to start yours. Please note that this exercise is to view different policies and commitments – We should not just Copy, Cut and Paste. That said, please search Google for these three policies to view a variety of policies. (Not allowed to have links in this article – sorry)

Bruce Power (Nuclear Power Company) Occupational Health & Safety Policy

Shell (Oil & Gas Company) Health, Safety & Environment

IHC (Advocates and Support Services) Health & Safety Policy Statement

You will notice that these policies from Companies all over the world and vastly different sizes and sectors, but they do have many similar sections.

Commitment: To provide a healthy and safe workplace for everyone their workers, contractors, and visitors. Meet or exceed the legal requirements.

The Goal: To eliminate all injuries and illness towards zero harm or injury free.

Responsibility: Management has accepted their responsibility to provide a healthy and safe workplace. Define that safety is everyone's responsibility – all employees

The reason for the similarities is due in part by most of these sections being defined in the various regulations and international standards.

ISO Standard 45001

One of the international standards that will help improve workplace health & safety is the new ISO (International Standards Organization) 45001. Here is a section taken from the draft standard on the subject of Health and Safety Policies.

Top management shall establish, implement and maintain an OH&S policy that includes a commitment to provide safe and healthy working conditions for the prevention of work-related injury and / or ill health and is appropriate to the purpose, the size, and context of the organization and to the specific nature of its OH&S risks and OH&S opportunities.

The standard provides very similar direction contained in the various regulatory and highlights the requirement to ensure the policy is based on the organizations "specific nature of its OH&S risks and OH&S opportunities. While similar in some sections the workplace health and safety policy needs to be workplace specific based on your identified risks, from your risk assessment.

Health & Safety Management System (HSMS)

In addition to developing a workplace health and safety policy, the employer is required (in some jurisdictions) to have a program to implement the policy. An HSMS is a collection of policies and procedures based on the specific workplace risks.

Common Sections – Worker Orientations, First Aid, Wellness, Fire Prevention, Worker Training, Workplace Inspections, Incident & Near Miss Investigations, Hazard Reporting, Indoor Air Quality, Ergonomics, Safe Lifting, Violence & Harassment, Safety Meetings, etc.

The other sections would be workplace hazard specific and could include sections on, Confined Space Entry, Hot Work Permits, Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), Arc Flash, etc.

The expectation would be that a commitment to provide a healthy and safe workplace is made with the policy and the HSMS is the how you will achieve this.

Signing Authority

The policy is signed by the person or persons responsible for ensuring the health and safety of the employees – usually the most senior person – President, Chief Operating Officer, etc. If your company is large with many locations, have the President sign and the most senior person at the facility. You can also invite Union Representatives sign on to the policy and all of your employees.

The policy should be reviewed and signed each year. Review the policy with …

Welcome to part 3 of the web course. Each part will reveal a new technique on how to build consistency into your exercise routine and turn that once hated event into a consistent pleasure where you reap the benefits. Say good bye to punishment, frustration, and feelings of being overwhelmed and say hello to your new life.

Ok, we are now flying. Hopefully you have read and completed parts 1 and 2. If not, please go to the link at the bottom of this article. This next part is where we really start to deviate from what you are used to. We are going to reveal the key steps to truly making progress on your fitness quest and enjoy the process.

Like we said in part 2 of this course, if you are not enjoying the process, you are not likely to be consistent. If you enjoy what you are doing, you can be consistent forever.

Now that you have your target and why you want it from parts 1 and 2, you are ready to turn it into a reality. Remember in part 1, when we talked about writing down what you really want and not to worry if it seems unattainable and how you will not be judging yourself based on that large goal? Well, we didn’t forget.

No punishment, frustration feeling overwhelmed!

We will do our best to keep this next section short for this article. You can always get the FULL course by following the link at the bottom of this article. It’s free, so don’t let cost slow you down.

You have your goal and it is probably a big one. You might be thinking,

“How in the world can I possibly achieve that?”

The first step is to put that thought out of your mind. When you are thinking about your goal, jump right over the how you are going to achieve it, and only think about all the why’s you wrote down in part 2 and how great it is going to feel when you get there.

In this section is the only, and we mean the only time you are to think about how you are going to achieve your goal. Don’t worry, we will make it easy. You are only to think about what is your next step to achieve your goal.

And, you want your next step to be small.

The next step should be something easy and comfortably achieved in about one month or loss.

The key word is “comfortably” achieved.

You can always do more or achieve the next step faster. Don’t worry about choosing incorrectly, because we have a whole system in part 4 of this course to correct any errors.

Your body target will keep you on course, so all you have to focus on now is achieve your next step and how great it is going to feel when you achieve your body target.

Simple enough?

Please download our full course, if you want tons of examples on how to go about choosing your next step.

Your next step needs to be small and truly a next step. If you haven’t worked out for a long time, maybe your next step should be working out for 15 minutes / three times per week. You can always do more, but if you make your goal too high at first; you will be setting yourself up for defeat.

What is the number reason people fail from part 1?

“They set themselves up to lose before they even start.”

Remember, your next step is from where you are at now. If you never worked out before, have someone else build a work out program, but make sure it is something you can do and you will enjoy. Don’t worry if the program seems too small, you are building the habit of working out. You can always increase your intensity once working out has become a habit.

Finally, please, please, please make sure your doctor knows what your next step is and he or she approves of it. Your health is too important to over do it or get yourself hurt. By becoming consistent, your body will adapt. Soon …

Foxtail millet is obtained from Setaria italic. Its are called foxtail millet due to its resemblance to the fox tail look. It is included in the staple diet in South India and is also known as kora, thinai, navane etc.

Nutritional value

Foxtail Millet is said to be a very rich source of carbohydrates, dietary fibres, proteins and high calories. It contains various vitamins like E, B1, B2, B6, Niacin, Folate and Pantothenic acid. It also contains various minerals like calcium, magnesium, iron potassium, phosphorous, zinc, copper, manganese, etc.

Health benefits of foxtail millet

The advantages of adding this product to the diet are many. Fox millet has ease of consumption as it is easy to digest. It can be consumed by anyone as it is a non-allergenic grain. These grains have a low Glycemic Index and reduce the risk of diabetes as they help in the slow release of glucose, thus, does not affect metabolism and helps control blood glucose level.

It helps in detoxification as it contains a high level of antioxidants. It helps remove acidic elements from the body. It helps to regulate body cholesterol levels by reducing the bad cholesterol. The millet grains are loaded with dietary fibres which improve the digestive system and cure various digestive disorders. It helps in reducing stomach ache and various gastric problems.

The vitamin B6 content in the foxtail millet helps in proper functioning of the nervous system. It even helps in the treatment of patients suffering from anorexia. It lowers triglycerides and bad cholesterol levels (Low Density Lipoproteins and Very Low Density Lipoproteins) and increases good cholesterol levels (High Density Lipoproteins). Thus, it reduces the risk of heart attack by protecting the walls of the arteries from any damage and coronary blockage inhibiting cardiac arrest.

It is naturally gluten free. For maintaining good health, a gluten-free diet is highly recommended. A gluten-free diet results in increased energy levels, due to the rapid breakdown of food and improved digestion. Being gluten free, it is a boon for those with Celiac disease that is caused due to gluten sensitivity.

Some popular recipes of Foxtail Millets

Foxtail millet khichdi:

Ingredients: foxtail millet, chana dal, vegetables like carrot, cauliflower, peas, mustard seeds, garlic, etc.

Procedure: Soak the millet and chana dal separately for some time. Boil the diced vegetables with the millet and chana dal. Temper with mustard seeds and garlic to increase the taste.

Foxtail millet upma:

To start your day with a nutrient packed breakfast like foxtail upma is the best option.

Ingredients: foxtail millet, coconut oil, urad dal, mustard seeds, curry leaves, finely chopped green chilies and ginger, thin strips of potato and carrot, sliced onion, green peas, salt, coriander, grated coconut, cashew nut halves.

Procedure: Fry the cashew nut halves in oil and keep aside. Heat the oil in the pan and roast the millet until it is aromatic. Boil water in a vessel and then add the millet and cook till millet turns soft and keep aside. In another pan add urad dal and mustard seeds till golden brown. Add ginger, green chilies, curry leaves and stir well. Add onion, carrot and potato and cook for a few minutes. Add green peas and continue cooking. Add the millet and cook for a few more minutes. Garnish it with grated coconut, chopped coriander and cashew nut halves.

Ready to eat foxtail upma mix is the best option for those who are in a hurry to go to the office in the morning. Empty the contents of the packet to boiling water and serve hot.

Source by Karthik Guduru

In 2009 and 2010, the Ab Circle Pro was the biggest selling abdominal exercise machine in the world. Until today, it is reported to have sold over 2 million times in the United States, Canada, Britain, Europe, Australia, and even India, among others.

The product was presented by Jennifer Nicole Lee, a famous fitness model who has her own little fitness “empire” comprised of programs, supplements, and fitness products. The Ab Circle Pro was her biggest success to date.

Recently, though Jennifer Nicole Lee announced the release of a new version of her best selling machine: The Ab Circle Mini.

As the name implies, the Mini was designed to mimic the original version of the machine but at a smaller scale. In terms of how these two machines are used and the results they’re supposed to deliver there is really no difference. After all, the original version as well as the new one are marketed as a way to flatten your abs and lose inches with short workouts that can be done at home. This means that if you don’t think the original version works, you won’t find anything really different in how the Mini Circle version works.

The first difference that does exist between the two products is the price. The original Ab Circle Pro costs about $200 while the mini version can be purchased for about $140, a sizable discount. The new price may be one which is more appealing to people who felt they could not afford to buy the original abdominal machine.

The second difference is in the size and weight of the Ab Circle Mini. It is smaller and lighter than the Ab Circle pro. This makes it easier to store and more portable. However, there may be less stability to the machine due to its lightness so you’d need to work slowly with it at first to make sure its stable.

The most important thing was and remains the kind of results you can get with these machines. Both can give you a workout, of that there is no doubt. However, for some people the workout will not be very effective. It seems to be geared more for beginners than for people who are used to exercise regularly.

Whether you choose to get the original version or the mini, be aware that it’s crucial to continue working out the rest of your body and to maintain a healthy diet in order to get any kind of results.

Source by John Davenport

Benefits and Importance of Physical Education | Body Fitness and Health

In the Present World of Space age and automation era, all human beings appear to be living a more and more inactive life. They ride instead of walk, sit instead of stand and watches instead of participants. Such type of inactivity or sedentary life is detrimental to mental and physical health. Thus, there is great need for physical education as a part of balanced living.

Following are the importance or benefits of physical education –

1. It is needed because due to advanced technology the lifestyle of people becomes sedentary and they become passive entertainer.

2. It is needed during childhood for proper growth and development.

3. It is beneficial during adulthood to maintain good health and fitness.

4. During old Age, it is important to prevent and treat various ailments and disease.

5. It is important as it provides us the knowledge of our bodies from musculoskeletal, physiological and biochemical point of view.

6. It teaches us various physical activities that can be practiced now in later life such as motor skills for the games and sports of volleyball, tennis, swimming and so on.

7. It also teaches us the value of ethical behavior in sporting situations.

8. It teaches us the value of physical fitness and how to become physically fit.

9. It teaches us the value of physical fitness and how to become physically fit.

10. It is important for aesthetic reasons as by participation in physical fitness programs like gymnastics and dance, beauty and grace in cultivated in the movement.

11. It is also important for catharsis reasons with mean releasing of energy, emotion, tension or frustration and some people let off their extra steam by participating in various games and sports which are part of physical education. This way physical education helps in checking juvenile delinquency.

Source by Mikey Singh

The fitness industry continues to evolve and it seems that there is a privately owned gym or studio on every corner in major cities across America. The competition is getting stiff and your success is riding on more than just the quality of the service you provide. Fitness center owners need every advantage they can get when gaining a piece of your local market share. Whether you realize it or not Google is playing a major role in shaping the future of your fitness business. Fitness website design is something that is no longer optional to survive in The New Economy Environment that we have entered.

Online fitness center marketing strategies start with asking a number of questions about your local market and the services you provide but here are some essential things to ask yourself.

1) Does your fitness website design have social media integration and strategy?

2) Do you have a blog attached to your fitness website?

3) Are you blogging regularly?

4) Are you building your list using an email marketing system?

5) Does your website have obvious calls to action?

6) Does your fitness website design funnel customers to where you want them to go?

If you answered no to any of these questions than it’s time to wake up and smell the coffee. A new generation of small business owners are coming into the industry that grew up with all of these skills. They will be your competition is just a few short years.

In addition to having a properly designed website you will also want to do a few other essential marketing tactics.

Google AdWords advertising (PPC)

It is now very easy to advertise on Google to local markets based of a predetermined number of square miles from your location. Keyword strategy and budget will dictate your success here but Google is still king and PPC advertising needs to be included in your overall marketing plan.

Clean up your local data.

Local search is a huge opportunity for local businesses to take advantage of. Although this is time consuming it is a must for fitness centers. First make sure you claim your business on the big three engines.

1) Google Places

2)Yahoo local

3) Bing local

Data providers

1) Acxiom

2) InfoUSA

3) Localeze

Internet Yellow Pages

1) Yellowpages.com

2) local.com

3) Superpages

4) CitySearch

5) Mapquest

These are just a few examples of how to list your fitness center to increase your chances of ranking higher in local searches in your niche.

This all sounds like a lot but don’t let yourself get overwhelmed. Take it one step at a time and remember you can always contact a professional to assist you.

The Big Picture

The main point here is don’t wait any longer. Pay attention to what is changing in today’s online dominated marketing strategies. These things take time and the sooner you take action the better off you will be in a year from now. There are many factors not even discussed today that will play a role in your fitness website design but the most important thing to understand is that they all work together for a greater cause. The more content you put together the more powerful you will be in The New Economy.

Source by Mike David Singer

I always go into a bit of a panic before a long vacation because I’m worried about getting out of my exercise routine and turning to blubber. Does anyone sense any irony here? You’re supposed to go on vacation to relax and to take a break from your routines of all forms. However, I’ve done more than my share of travel now, so I’ve found some great ways to completely and totally enjoy my trip while staying healthy.

The most important thing to remember though is that you should enjoy yourself, not think about if the dessert from the Parisian bakery is going to make you fat. When is the next time you’ll be in Paris, and when was the last time one thing made you fat? Enjoy it! Just don’t go overboard. That said, here are some tips for keeping fit while travelling:

-Eat like a local: If you’re in a foreign country, it’s much easier to find unprocessed, unrefined foods that are balanced and good for you. They also don’t have the massive portion sizes that we do in America. If you’re mostly a domestic traveler, this obviously won’t apply, but stick the general guidelines I have throughout the site.

-Share dishes: Order a few small plates and split it all, or you can get an app, entree, and dessert to split with two people. That way, you not only get to try a wide variety of new things and multiple courses, but you can also cut back on the amount you eat.

-Make it an active trip: I found this especially easy in more rural locations. You can hike, kayak, go rock climbing, etc. If you’re in a major city, tour the city on foot. You’ll be moving all day, and will definitely get your fill of exercise in.

-Find a gym: It’s surprisingly easy in big cities. I was just in Johannesburg and Cape Town, and went to the gym once in each city. Sometimes you’ll have to pay a day use fee, but if you’re dedicated enough, it’ll be worth it.

-Bring exercise bands with you: They’re easy to pack, and cheap to buy before you go if you don’t have them. You can work out your arms with those, and you can do push-ups, crunches, squats, and lunges with your own body way.

-Try new and strange things: Snails, spicy bugs, fish heads, oh my! There are a lot of interesting and unique foods you can try out in other cultures, so give it a try. No matter how strange, they’re almost guaranteed to be far better for you than the processed foods we have in the US.

The main thing to keep in mind is that you are on vacation and you should enjoy, experience, and relax. You’ll never do that if you’re stressing about the calories you’re eating or how long it’s been since you’ve hit the treadmill, so just live it up!

Source by Megan Serow

Introduction

Assessment of cardiorespiratory fitness is important for both athletes as well as the members of the general population. In athletes for apparent reasons. While in general population, VO2 max can be used to predict subsequent development of cardiovascular disease. Thus, VO2 max studies can be used for prevention, both primary as well as secondary, of development of cardiovascular sequelae like angina pectoris or myocardial infarction.

Furthermore, since cardiorespiratory fitness has been linked decisively to early deaths from a variety of causes, VO2 max studies in general population assume immense significance.

So what exactly is VO2 max? Well, in literal terms, it is the volume (V) of oxygen (O2) during maximum exercise that your body is able to transfer. As we all know, during exercise, your body needs energy and the chemical reaction to produce energy require oxygen (especially aerobic exercises). Thus, the higher your VO2 max,the more your body can transport oxygen effectively during times of intense training. Therefore, you will be able to train longer at higher intensity levels.

Methods of Assessing VO2 max

VO2 max can be measured using either maximal or sub maximal exercise testing protocols. Maximum exercise testing involves pushing the subject to the limit of intense physical exercise. So much so, that immediate medical attention is usually required. Maximal exercise testing is a true reflection of VO2 max. However, for obvious reasons, this method is best avoided, at least in the general population. Most authorities recommend the submaximal method (using submaximal loads of exercise intensity). Once the values are obtained using this method, regression equations are used to predict the actual VO2 max.

Whereas, maximal exercise testing is more sensitive, submaximal exercise testing is safer, esp. when implemented in members of the population who are not accustomed to training.

Maximal Exercise Testing:

Maximal exercise testing requires trained individuals and sophisticated equipment. Therefore, it is used only in certain clinical settings.

Submaximal Exercise Tests

Astrand and Rhyming Step Test: This test is carried out using a 33cm step/ aerobic bench for women and 40cm step for men. It involves stepping up and down the step or bench at the rate of 22.5 per min. ECG and steady state heart rate readings are taken. It would require 25.8 and 29.5 mL/Kg/min of oxygen uptake for women and men respectively.

YMCA step test and The Canadian Home Fitness Test can also be used for submaximal exercise testing. The step tests are popular because of use of minimal equipment and ease of implementation. Another major advantage is the minimal cost as well as the fact that large number of subjects can be tested at the same time as shown by The Canadian Home Fitness Test.

3 min. YMCA Step Test: This test determines how quickly your heart rate returns to normal after a bout of exercise. It uses a 12 inch aerobic bench. The subject steps onto the bench with a rate of 24 per minute (estimated oxygen uptake of 25.8 mL/Kg/Min.). After 3 min., the subject immediately sits down and the HR is counted for a minute. It is crucial that the HR is counted starting within 5 sec of stopping the exercise. The obtained HR values are then used to compare against established norms.

Treadmill Tests: A minimal of 3 min. treadmill test using 70% of heart rate reserve or and 85% of maximal heart rate as the end point of test is a better predictor of VO2 max than the step tests. Pretty much like in the step tests, achieving a steady state heart rate is imperative to get accurate data. Thus, the need to carry out the test for a minimum of 3min. Variety of treadmill test protocols are used: Bruce Protocol being the most popular of all.

Cycle Ergometer Tests

Astrand-Rhyming Cycle Ergometer Test: This is a 6 minute single stage test. The subject pedals at a rate of 50rpm to achieve a HR between 125 and 170 beats/min. HR should be measured during the 5th and 6th minute of the test. An average of 2 or more HR reading is taken and used to estimate VO2 max from Modified Astrand-Rhyming Normogram.

Other test like Maritz Test use a multi-stage cycle ergometer test …

Unlike the vast majority of the world, the United States treats health, using a narrower perspective, and focuses exclusively, on what is referred to, either as Conventional Medicine, or alleopathic. This approach depends, largely on using a chemical approach, including prescription drugs, and over – the – counter (OTC) ones. In most other nations, the widespread approach, is combining, alleopathy, with a combination of alternative methods, including homeopathy, aromatherapy, Reiki, etc. This is often referred to as a Wellness approach to health care, etc, and is based on differentiating between methods and methodologies, and focuses on treating symptoms, by considering their causes, etc, rather than on, merely treating symptoms. With that in mind, this article will attempt to briefly review, consider, and examine, and discuss, the advantages and disadvantages of the alternatives, and how, balancing both, and using the most beneficial components, of each, might make a lot of sense.

1. Conventional method: Most of us are used to the conventional medical approach and treatments. This begins with inoculations, as children, which continue, throughout our lives. The interesting thing, is vaccines are, in fact, based on the philosophy of homeopathy, because we inject a very small quantity of the disease, etc, in order to develop a resistance to it, and, thus an immunity against certain illnesses, etc. In the United States, we often treat illnesses and sicknesses, by using chemical medications, which cover up, and temporarily eliminate the underlying symptoms, but, often, witness, what is referred to, as bounce – back, which means, the particular illness returns. However, when it comes to life – threatening illnesses and diseases, such as cancers, certain blood disorders, etc, conventional medicines, are often, the best option. However, even then, the treatment is often, more effective and humane/ comforting, when combined with using alternative treatments. For example, antibiotics are generally far better tolerated, when we also take probiotics. Many calmatives, etc, make these treatments, more effective and worthwhile.

2. Alternative approaches: Pain, discomfort, and many other ailments, when not life – threatening, or demanding more aggressive treatments, are eased, and/ or relieved, using acupunture. This ancient Chinese treatment, uses what is known an Meridians, to determine, the best way to proceed. I have personally taken advantage of these treatments, and found them, non – intrusive, and helpful. Homeopathy is based on introducing a minute amount of a particular disease, in a specific way, in order to build up our own immune system. This is non – intrusive, with no side effects, and I have also found these helpful, but, the advantage is, either they’ll help or not, but do no harm. Others have found comfort in many other alternative treatments, such as aromatherapy, herb therapy, etc.

3. Wellness therapy: Doesn’t it make sense, to begin with the non – invasive, alternative therapies, especially for minor ailments, and then use conventional medicines, when needed, necessary, and indicated?

We need to open our minds, and think beyond the conventional. After all, isn’t the objective of health care, maximizing a healthy life and living?

Source by Richard Brody

Fashionable clothing can help enable and active lifestyle and give you an opportunity to express your unique personality. Many women choose to incorporate fashion into every aspect of their lives and this includes workout and exercise. Most women want to be fashionable even when they are participating in sports and no matter what sport you are participating in, leggings could be a great choice. Leggings for women are very much in fashion nowadays and so many, from ordinary housewives and teenage girls to celebrities – are wearing them. Also known as tights, they are among the most popular items of clothing worn by those who want to look good and feel comfortable at the same time.

There are steps that you can take when it comes to buying your fitness apparel. These steps include knowing the brand of your fitness apparel, the price of the product, materials of the product, size and color. Some prefer shorts while some prefer Capri pants or some form of tights. Wearing this style of tights can be very comfortable, allowing you to move freely during your physical activity. Many fashion experts believe that leggings are compatible with almost every sport. If you do not agree then you might want to give this outfit a try. You'll be surprised to know that leggings are not only comfortable but can also flatter any body shape.

Leggings are a stretchy and fitted outfit that covers up your legs and are made with several different materials for different purposes. Here are several types of leggings: Capri leggings, footless leggings, footless tights, cotton stirrup tights, lycra footless tights, shiny lycra stirrup tights. Each style mentioned can serve a different purpose so the choice is always yours. Even if you are not convinced that leggings would be a great choice for you, there is never harm in trying a pair!

Leggings are not only for sports but they also can be worn in a casual way or more dressed up if you are going to a special occasion. They are being worn under shorts, skirts and shirt dresses. Experts in fashion are suggesting that leggings under shirt dresses are the best way to wear them. It can provide you with great coverage on your legs while still making you look stylish. Dark colors are capable of adding a slimming effect to your outfit. Shiny dark colors are a good choice if you want to emphasize your legs. Usually, the confusion starts with what type of shoes go best with leggings. This confusion can be avoided by determining the occasion for which you will be wearing your leggings. Are you going to a casual coffee date? Are you attending a house party? Or are you hitting a snazzy club downtown? Answering these questions can help you choose the right shoes for the particular occasion.

Leggings used to be produced with simple designs but nowadays, the designs have grown more complex. These different designs can give you more options but you can always stick to a old fashioned simple styles. Whatever style leggings you choose to buy, you'll be sure to be comfortable while wearing them during a wide variety of activities.

Source by Majda Liban

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