Obesity is a bit of a buzz word in modern societies. Obesity is the condition that occurs when a person eats more energy than they use. When we consume more energy than we burn, our body stores the excess as fat. A certain amount of fat is healthy and necessary; it helps to cushion and protect internal organs for instance but an excess of fat can be life threatening and be a pre-curser to a plethora of devastating diseases.
Obesity is also a worldwide epidemic with America, Europe and Australia leading the way. The connection between increasing wealth and lack of health is oddly consistent; it seems the wealthier a country becomes the greater the likelihood of obesity within its population. Obesity figures are set to continue to reach staggering heights throughout the world.
One of the biggest health consequences of obesity is diabetes which exists in two types; type 2 diabetes is the repercussion of unchecked obesity. If your BMI (body mass index) exceeds 30 then you are classified as obese. The risk of developing type 2 diabetes rises in correlation to a person’s BMI. One of the key reasons why type 2 diabetes develops in obese people is that the abdominal fat stored in the body becomes inflamed; the body produces an inflammatory response and as it does so the body becomes less receptive to the influence of insulin. People then become insulin resistant which is one of the key generators of diabetes. If you have a lot of fat stored around your waist or stomach, your chances of developing type 2 diabetes are increased hence why abdominal fat is one of the most dangerous forms of fat to have.
Type 2 diabetes naturally occurs in many people over the age of 40, but the rise of obesity rates has lead to even younger people being diagnosed. Fortunately type 2 diabetes can be reversed with a combination of exercise and healthy eating. Whether you are slim, overweight, and obese or presently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, it’s always possible to prioritise health with nutritional eating and plenty of vigorous exercise. Used in conjunction, these 2 methods promote positive health.
It’s also possible to reduce the risk of contracting diabetes, even if you are genetically predisposed. One of the best ways to do so is to keep your weight within a healthy BMI range, which typically falls between 18 and 24.
A few ways to eliminate excess weight include:
– Drinking only water which has no calorie content
– Keeping a food journal and recording where you slip up; perhaps you have a weakness for chocolate or fried chicken?
– Keeping a record of portion size, how active you are and how varied your diet is; an online or mobile app such as my fitness pal can help you keep track
– Resist the urge to buy calorie laden snacks; if they aren’t around you’ll be less tempted to eat them!
– Exercise for at least 30 minutes every day and build up a sweat