Tag: CPR


The emergency service professionals play a large role in providing immediate medical attention to people in all areas of the world. Another phrase for “Emergency Medical Services” is ‘EMS’ for short. The service is activated through the use of a phone call to a special telephone number, which is usually ‘911’.

The common rule of thumb for activating the emergency medical services is to do so anytime that you suspect that an emergency is apparent. You should not hesitate to contact EMS, even if the situation of the emergency is not clear and you are still unsure of all of the details. If you are not alone, send another person to call 911 while you perform emergency medical care.

When you call, an emergency operator will ask for basic information about the emergency and your address. You will then be asked about the emergency situation and what has taken place. Your answers will help the dispatcher determine the appropriate medical response teams that might need to be sent to the emergency location. Even if you are not sure about any specifics, you will have started the potential life saving chain of events for all who are involved.

In the case that you are the victim, and you are unable to speak on the phone, the EMS operator will automatically know your address and will be able to respond to your emergency. However, this situation is not the same when you call from a cell phone. They might be able to tell who owns the phone, but there will not be an address for the EMS team to report to.

At the same time as your call, a separate person, or emergency dispatcher will likely be alerting the appropriate resources to respond. Remain in contact with the emergency operator until EMS providers arrive or you are instructed to hand up. In many EMS systems, emergency operators are trained to help guide your care. If possible have another person call so you can provide emergency care such as CPR, First Aid or rescue breathing.

Another guideline when dealing with the activation of emergency medical services is if the victim is a child or infant who is unresponsive, then you should try some type of rescue breathing for at least two minutes before making the call. This situation would be the opposite, and ring true for the above information, if the victim were an adult. In that case, you would need to contact EMS immediately before attempting any type of care.

The reason for taking the two different approaches is due the fact that most child or infant emergencies involve chocking and require immediate live saving rescue breaths. An unresponsive adult emergency usually involves heart related issues. Emergencies such as this require time sensitive help from EMS responders with an AED and the appropriate drugs for resuscitation. Therefore you should call 911 immediately so as to have responders at the scene as soon as possible. Immediately after the call you would begin helping the victim.

Being prepared for an emergency can save the life of family members and friends. Be prepared by taking a CPR Training course. If you have already taken a class in the past, be sure to keep your skills updated by taking a refresher course.


Source by David P. Lee


The leading cause of death in the US according to the Center for Disease Control (CDC.gov) is Cardiovascular disease. CPRGlobalAcademy.com is committed to teaching useful techniques for saving lives. It is important to remember that Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can be applied in many ways. If a person has drowned, had a heart attack, had a stroke, went into cardiac arrest or is choking proper training could be the difference between life and death of the patient. If the patient is not breathing, is unconscious or has no pulse CPR should be applied immediately. Always remember proper CPR begins with chest compressions.

It is important to note that death is most likely to occur after 10 minutes of loss of oxygen to the brain. From 6 to 10 minutes brain damage is expected. From 4 to 6 minutes brain damage is very possible and from 0 to 4 minutes brain damage is virtually non-existent.

Understanding CPR

When the heart stops beating blood stops flowing throughout the body. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is when one person performs chest compressions and breathing into a patient who does not have pulse or who is not breathing. Chest compressions combined with breathing into the patient will carry the now oxygenated blood throughout the body and into the brain. CPR acts like an artificial heart moving the blood rich in oxygen into the brain.

If CPR is performed on the patient the chances of survival increases and continues to increase if the AED is applied and if medical help arrives within ten minutes.

Any persons who assist those who are injured, ill or in peril are protected by the Good Samaritan Law. As long as they're acting voluntary, without expectation of reimbursement or compensation while performing such aid, on site-they'll have legal protection. Remember, when performing CPR every second counts so, unless required otherwise, don't hesitate to call 911, perform CPR or external chest compressions immediately.

Before you attempt CPR upon a patient there are several things you must do. Make sure you and / or the patient aren't in any danger-if possible, resolve the danger and if not, move the victim out of harms way. If unable to, for whatever reason, immediately call 911.

Check the patient and see if he / she is conscious or not. Do not check for a pulse because time is of the essence and finding a pulse can take too much time. Call out to the patient asking, "Are you okay?" Repeat if necessary, and if the patient does not respond, immediately call 911 and then perform CPR-initiating Circulation, Airway and Breathing Tasks (the CA-B's) and not the AB-C's. Also, if possible have someone else call 911 and begin CPR, immediately.

It's important to note: that the latest 2010 AHA guidelines recommends in-confident performers should, at least, perform chest compressions upon the patient, since studies show chest compressions can be as effective as the combination of CPR.

C is for Circulation – Adult Compressions

Circulation – chest compressions circulate the blood within the patient. It's important to place your hands correctly upon the patient's chest. To do so, find the point where both halves of the patient's ribs meet, interlock your fingers and with the palm of your hand, you'll compress. It's important to kneel beside the patient while doing so, for maximum compression. Once in position, lock your elbows and use your body's weight to compress 2 inches upon the patient's chest. Compress again, once the chest inflates back into position. A ratio of 30 compressions to 2 breaths (30: 2) is the recommended amount while compressing 100 times a minute. Remember, you should administer CPR until help arrives.

A is for Airway – Clear the airway

Airway – Make sure the patient is on a solid surface (on the backside). Next, kneel next to the patient's neck and shoulders. Open the patient's airway by tilting the head back with the palm of one hand while gently lifting the chin with the other hand. For no more than 10 seconds, check for life: listen for any sounds, put your cheek next to the patient's mouth to feel any breaths while also looking for any motion. If the patient …

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