Tag: Patient

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INTRODUCTION

The Internet of Things (IoT) is the next paradigm shift, where sensors are connected to the Internet, which collect data for analysis to make our planet more instrumented, interconnected and intelligent. A typical person carries on average one or two mobile devices nowadays. Hence, by leveraging the increasing presence of mobile devices the cost of equipment can be reduced significantly in many industries.

A. Motivation

The ECG iOS application presented in this paper focuses on the health care domain of IoT. With the advancements in embedded information and communication technologies, we can provide intensified healthcare support of senior citizens at homes and retirement homes. This type of technology would be helpful to be providing ECG monitoring facility to senior citizens, athletes and common people. By providing the facility to use these technologies in the home, citizens would be able to live independently for a longer period of time, helping to reduce costs of medical equipment Healthcare is currently facing the challenge of large amount of data that is unstructured, diverse and growing at an exponential rate. Data is constantly streamed through sensors, monitors and instruments in real time that is faster than the medical personnel can keep up with. The advanced techniques and high capacities of cloud computing, processing of a large amount of data can be performed more efficiently support big data analytics.

B. Problem statement

In the healthcare domain of IoT, patients will not have to make as many trips to the doctor anymore, since they can upload the collected data from the sensors to the cloud. This can be achieved for an ECG monitoring application on the mobile device, which will collect the bio-signal data using sensors and then upload to the cloud for keeping a record of the unstructured data. This will reduce the waiting time for the triage at the hospitals and minimize visits and reducing the cost of personnel and administrative operations. This convenience increases the quality of life for the patients as they can enjoy other activities instead of spending time commuting to the hospital/clinic and waiting in long triage queues.

C. Proposed solution

In addition to medical knowledge, various SSE Technologies are involved in IoT based healthcare applications, including microcontroller and sensor technologies, signal processing, communication protocols, system and software design (using well documented design patterns), DBMS, web services, data analysis, and cloud techniques. Such an infrastructure should not only satisfy the basic functional requirements, but also address some key non-functional quality requirements, such as Performance, privacy/security, portability, scalability, flexibility, and cost. Using the idea of IoT and cloud techniques, this paper presents a solution to use an ADC and microcontroller board, which obtains the bio-signal data from a person using sensors and sends it to the mobile device wirelessly using Bluetooth technology. When monitoring the ECG of the patient, the monitored data associated with the ECG waves being displayed on the mobile app is stored in the form of a binary file on the secure digital (SD) card of the device and the user has the ability to upload it to a structured query language (SQL) Server private database. With the proper hardware components like the ADC and microcontroller and the sensors, the solution can monitor the ECG of a person in any environment at low costs, without having to purchase any costly ECG monitoring devices.

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATIO

A. Mobile-Based Healthcare Service:

Mobile devices are evolving at a rapid pace in the deployment of healthcare services. Our system is mainly based on real-time long-term health monitoring, catering to the demand of assisted living and health fitness information provider. Thus, the deployment of mobile devices into the mobile healthcare system focuses on several significant features for a medical healthcare system.

B. Communication between Mobile Device and Web Server:

Bluetooth data transmission is applied into the system because Bluetooth facilities are available in numerous smart devices, including portable tablet devices, laptops, personal computers, and even smart TVs. Conceptually; Bluetooth is a open wireless protocol operating in the 2.4-GHz band designed for a medium data rate that averages approximately 2 Mbps.

C. Web Server Cloud Healthcare Service:

Using a Web server healthcare cloud computing system, immediate access to the healthcare tracking …

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How do healthcare professionals ensure that they can provide constant and quality care to remote patients? How do patients ensure that they have professional support without having to spend time and effort at hospital visits? Well, the answer lies in remote patient monitoring, which is an act of monitoring the health of a patient without being physically present. The integration of communication technologies in patient care has provided professionals with a revolutionary solution to deliver superior medical care remotely.

Consumer health devices such as portable blood pressure trackers, blood sugar tester, and ECG monitors have facilitated remote sharing of patient information. Doctors today can monitor patient health by using a secure web page where information is shared by a mobile transmitter that acts as a support between the device and the physician. More recently, manufacturers of implantable medical devices such as pacemakers have integrated connectivity into their products. These can be questioned manually by a third party to perform tests that would otherwise require a doctor to administer.

These tests are doing remote device maintenance checks, effective and convenient. In addition, these devices have been enabled to transmit statistics such as arrhythmias, which could help prevent emergency situations. Technology like this provides valuable support to healthcare providers, particularly in providing assistance to patients who need regular monitoring. An entire segment of patients suffering from long-term conditions such as congestive heart failure, hypertension, and diabetes will benefit from Remote Patient Monitoring with the convenience of care without spending time in clinics.

Another trend that is getting more and more adoption in the healthcare sector is the use of e-ICU models. These models allow physicians specializing in remote locations to monitor patients using two-way cameras, high-speed internet, and related devices. REMOTE PATIENT MONITORING helps move healthcare to an ever-changing environment where personal data is facilitated by data from connected devices.

The proliferation of devices enabled for Remote Patient Monitoring is further accelerated by the integration capabilities of the database. Remote Patient Monitoring Emerging Devices such as bands and bracelets that transmit patient position along with health readers transfer this information to a central database. Database-enabled tools can then alert doctors and their patients to improve disease treatment. Soon patients may have USB sticks connecting to a history database that can be instantly shared with institutions. REMOTE PATIENT MONITORING-based solutions are also entering the workforce with modules that provide monitoring solutions to employees with chronic conditions. Workplace productivity may increase timely alerts on devices and custom Web pages that monitor employee’s welfare levels.

Remote patient monitoring systems, therefore, can change how patient care is done by greatly reducing efforts and errors. Consequently, frequent visits to the hospital are reducing costs and encouraging adoption. The IHS research firm suggests that wireless remote monitoring devices will be used by more than 1.8 million people around the world in four years. Soon these systems could become a standard across the industry, driven by the high reception capacity and advances in database maintenance.

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Source by Gaurav Dalvi

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